Good Friday is about remembering Jesus’ death on the cross. The cross is central to the Christian hope. But why did Jesus die and why do we consider that death good? Many Christians would respond by saying that Jesus died so we can go to heaven. Well, that is fine as far as it goes but I would want to clarify it a bit. The cross is not just about giving us a more comfortable afterlife. The cross actually reconciles us to God and that means we are adopted into his family for eternity and not just the few decades we are on this planet. But is that the full message of the cross? Is the cross only for the moment of our salvation, that experience of saying yes to Christ and receiving eternal life? I spend a lot of my time talking with non-Christians and skeptics. This might surprise you but most skeptics are not hesitating because they are trying to pick an afterlife, heaven or hell, and they are having trouble making up their mind. Many skeptics are not wrestling with things like the divinity of Jesus or the nature of the resurrection. Many are still trying to figure out God and if he is worth worshipping. Is there a good God? Of course there is. Check out the beauty of spring, the flowers and the trees. Check out the joy of a newborn baby. God is good! But change things around a bit. Take away your health. Lose your job. Find out your child is disabled. A friend is sexually assaulted. A loved one dies a painful death. Is God still good? I recently was talking with a self-proclaimed atheist. After a bit of digging, I discovered that he did not necessarily have a problem with God existing. His real problem is with Christianity’s claim that God is all-powerful and all-good. To affirm that and then look at the evil and suffering in the world seems to naturally lead to atheism. Even if there is a God, perhaps he is not worthy of worship. How should Christians respond when skeptics ask where God is in the midst of suffering? What about the Christian who came to faith in Jesus years ago? They know they will be in heaven when they die, but right now life seems like hell. Broken relationships, broken bank accounts, broken body, broken mind, broken heart. Where is God? Does he care? Or is God only interested in that moment when we become a Christian and the moment we die and in between is completely ignorant of our suffering? Does the cross have anything to say about this?
Events of the Cross
Sometimes a story can be so familiar that we lose the impact of what is actually being said. Let us briefly recount the events leading up to and taking place on the cross. Jesus arrives in Jerusalem on Palm Sunday with his triumphal entry. People cheer and sing and it looks like Jesus has reached the pinnacle of his career. Things quickly fall apart. One of Jesus‘ inner circle of twelve disciples, a man named Judas, makes a deal with the religious leaders to hand Jesus over. The leaders are afraid to arrest Jesus in public and they need to make their move quietly and out of sight. For thirty pieces of silver, Judas could make that happen. The mob comes to bring Jesus in. Judas‘ signal? A kiss! That which is meant for affection is used for betrayal. Jesus is given a mockery of a trial. The decision was already made, they just had to find some evidence and witnesses to fit the verdict. One of Jesus‘ closest friends, Peter, is asked directly if he is a follower of Jesus. Not once, not twice but three times Peter denies knowing Jesus. Jesus is beaten by his accusers, whipped and tortured. He is hurt so bad that when it is time to go to the place of crucifixion, Jesus is too weak to carry his own cross. Jesus arrives at the place of his execution, the place of the skull. His hands and feet are nailed to the cross. He is lifted up and Jesus waits for his body to weaken enough that he will no longer be able to raise his body up to get the next breath. Meanwhile, fellow condemned men as well as spectators take the time to mock him. To make matters worse, Jesus‘ mother is there to witness his sufferings. Not only that, because of the attitude of his half-brothers, Jesus has to use his dying moments to arrange care for his mother after he dies. Finally, Jesus comes to the end of his physical strength and breathes his last. That is what we call Good Friday.
A Suffering World
I want you to keep that in mind as we think about the human experience. We live in a world full of war and crime and natural disasters and poverty and injustice. Many people are afraid to go to the doctor because they are afraid of bad news. The divorce rate is at epidemic levels. Children are abused. There is so much bad that happens. I will share a little of our story, not because I want to focus on myself nor do I want your pity. I simply know my story better than I know your story and it is likely you will identify with at least parts of it. Family is extremely important for us and when my wife and I got married, I had all sorts of ideas of what that would look like. My wife became pregnant soon after we were married. As soon as we knew, we started to buy baby clothes and I started to do baby illustrations in my sermons. Then one day, right before a meeting at the church, we discovered that my wife was having a miscarriage. It was devastating. The doctor was cold, stating that it was a miscarriage in the same way he would have confirmed that bump on your finger was a wart. The nurse dismissed us from emerg, in her words “good as new.” We then went on have two healthy children named Logan and Abby. Beautiful kids and we are very proud of them. However, they also have severe autism. They are nonverbal and will never do many of the things that parents take for granted that their children will do. Some genetic flaw caused a mis-wiring of the brain and all the normal dreams were dashed. My father, a wonderful man and generous parent, suddenly stopped producing his own blood. He had to rely on regular blood transfusions for three years until his death. He never even met his three youngest grand children. My mother, a godly and loving Christian woman, died a painful death from esophageal cancer. She only knew she had cancer for a few weeks. Again, I am not looking for pity. I want you see, as I am sure you already understand, that there is suffering in this world. Many people go through horrors that I cannot even imagine. The question is: Where is God? Does God care? Or does God just say: “Yeah, whatever. See you in heaven.”? We have to wrestle with this. The answer is found at the cross.
Sharing in Suffering
Ravi Zacharias tells the story of Elie Wiesel, Nobel Prize winner and survivor of the Holocaust, when he was forced, along with a few others in a concentration camp, to witness the hanging of two Jewish men and one Jewish boy. The two men died right away, but the young lad struggled on the gallows. Somebody behind Wiesel muttered, “Where is God? Where is He?” Then the voice ground out the anguish again, “Where is He?” Wiesel felt the same question irrepressibly within him: “Where is God? Where is He?” Then he heard a voice softly within him saying, “He is hanging there on the gallows, where else?” Hanging on the gallows. As Christians, when the question is asked: “Where is God in my suffering?” we can say that God is hanging on the cross.
One of the most annoying things is when you are going through a very difficult time and someone says “I know exactly how you feel” and you know they have never experienced anything like this. Does God know how you feel? Of course God knows how you feel, God knows everything. Does God know what it is like to commit adultery? God understands the emotional and spiritual conditions that lead up to it, he understands the impulses in the brain and all the physiological aspects of adultery, but God does not understand adultery from experience. He is only an observer. But does God understand your suffering? That is a different story. God, in Jesus Christ, understands your suffering not just through a comprehensive knowledge of the facts but through the experience of suffering. Betrayed by a friend? Done that. Worried about a family member? Done that. Treated unjustly? Done that. Abused physically and emotionally? Done that. Experience tremendous pain? Done that. Death? Done that. Jesus Christ, God incarnate, knows suffering. God does not ignore human suffering. God comes to earth and experiences human suffering. One of the most powerful moments on the cross is when Jesus cries out “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” (Mark 15:34 ESV) This is the first verse of Psalm 22. Many see Psalm 22 as a prophecy of the crucifixion of Jesus. There is definitely many points of contact between the words of David and the circumstances of Jesus. We should see a prophetic role for this Psalm. However, should we see David as consciously writing about future messianic events? Or should we see David as speaking of his own experience, his own suffering, his own feeling of God-forsakenness? There are many Psalms that contain similar messages, cries of abandonment and fear and pain. While keeping the prophetic element, what if we saw Jesus as citing Psalm 22 not just as a proof text for his messianic identity, but as reaching out to this picture of suffering humanity and embracing it rather than avoiding it? Maybe Jesus wanted us to know that he was entering into our experience. You may not be convinced. You may be thinking, forget the fellowship of suffering, Jesus died as a sacrifice for sin. Period. That’s it. Let’s run with that for a minute. Jesus is indeed the sacrifice for our sin. There is no need for animal sacrifices because Jesus is the ultimate sacrifice. The animal sacrifices of the Old Testament point forward to Jesus. The book of Hebrews goes into detail on this. But take a moment to think about how those animals were sacrificed in the Temple. Do you think they were beaten and tortured and then killed slowly and painfully? No, they were quickly and painlessly slaughtered without panicking the animal in any way. If Jesus is only our sacrifice, then he could have had his throat slit and that would have been enough. But we don’t look at the suffering of Jesus as just an extra add-on, in addition to the necessary death. If you have seen Mel Gibson’s The Passion of the Christ, you will know that the suffering Jesus experienced leading up to and on the cross is emotionally moving and in an instinctive way, we know it is important. The suffering of Jesus matters. That means that our suffering also matters to God.
How do we bring this all together? Some people claim that the problem of suffering is the achilles heel of Christianity. I disagree. Of all the worldviews out there, Christianity is the only one that gives an adequate response to suffering. Rational reasons for suffering are not enough, especially if you are the one going through the suffering. What we really need to know is where God is when we suffer. Christianity has an answer. God was on the cross. Jesus Christ, God incarnate, suffered on the cross. His death paid the price for our forgiveness of sins. But his suffering offers us hope in this life. One of my favorite passages is this: “Since then we have a great high priest who has passed through the heavens, Jesus, the Son of God, let us hold fast our confession. For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but one who in every respect has been tempted as we are, yet without sin. Let us then with confidence draw near to the throne of grace, that we may receive mercy and find grace to help in time of need.” (Hebrews 4:14–16 ESV) Jesus knows. He knows suffering by experience, he knows like no human being can. But he knows something else. Jesus knows that suffering is not the end. On the third day, Jesus rose from the dead. Sin and death were defeated. Not only did Jesus rise from the dead, he promises that we will join him in the resurrection. Here is the miracle of Christianity, Jesus invites himself to join in our suffering and then invites us to join in his resurrection. As theologian Jürgen Moltmann said “God weeps with us so that someday we can laugh with him.” I think that gives us a great reason to call this a Good Friday.